Chunky Italian-style sweet orange marmalade

oranges at Italian market
I have made a scientific study of making marmalade with sweet oranges.
“Big deal” – you might say – the whole world makes marmalade!
This is true, but the “famous” British-style marmalade is made with bitter oranges.
However, there are no bitter oranges in rural Umbria. We grow no oranges at all actually, because it’s too cold to grow citrus here.
As a consequence, try to ask an Umbrian greengrocer for bitter Seville oranges. He will think you are crazy. Then, with a bewildered look, he will proceed to offer you some fantastic Sicilian sweet oranges.
I also have a problem with marmalade making. It’s fussy. I make massive amounts of jams mostly based on the principle of chopping the fruit, adding sugar and pectin, boiling and voilà, all ready. This is a no go with oranges. The variation in  marmalade making methods is head spinning. Why?
The problem, my friends, is in the rind. Citrus rind is bitter, but it’s full of essential oils. The rind of lemons and of bitter oranges is particularly rich of lemonene, an oil which smells like oranges. That’s why it makes magic when added to food and marmalade.
Extract those oils in your marmalade and you will have captured the stupendous orange-yness of a perfect marmalade.
After much research and experiments I have adopted this is old recipe from Artusi’s The Science of Cooking and the Art of Eating Well published in 1891. It’s still popular in Italy as it’s simple to make and the results are wonderful.
As a plus is based on my favorite chopping-everything-and-voilà-method. Almost 🙂 .
I have slightly modified the proportion of ingredients and included explanations of the important steps.

  • 10 large sweet oranges (I used about 2.5 kg /5.5 lb, organic, unwaxed Washington Navels)
  • 3 organic unwaxed lemons
  • sugar: same weight as oranges after soaking
  • water: 1/2 of the weight of oranges after soaking

1. Pierce oranges all around with the prongs of a fork or score them lightly with a very sharp knife. Don’t pierce or score through the flesh or you will loose flavor.
Place oranges in a large bowl and cover with water. Place a plate on top of the oranges to keep them completely under water. Soak for 3 days changing the water twice a day. This will tenderize the oranges and dissolve the bitter taste of the zest as well as preserve  the essential oils which are insoluble in water.

Soak oranges in a large pot or bowl
Soaking the scored oranges in water. The plate has been removed for the picture.

2. on the 4th day, drain the oranges, quarter them and cut into chunks. This is a quite messy operations particularly if you like small chunks. I quartered the oranges and pulse-chopped 2 at a time in the food processor to obtain smaller pieces. Then I quickly transferred them into a bowl to avoid loosing precious orange juice all over the kitchen.
If you don’t mind bigger chunks just quarter the oranges and slice them 1 cm / half-inch thick. Try to collect all the juice dripping off the slices.
3. weight the chopped fruit and juice – I will call this pulp –  transfer it in a tall pan and add water. For every kg/lb orange pulp you want to add half liter/pint water. Bring to the boil covered, then uncover, lower the heat and simmer for 10 min.
Always use a tall pan to make jam to protect yourself from hot splatter. Use low heat and a heavy bottomed pan so you won’t need to stir too often to prevent burning.
Don’t be tempted to reduce the amount of water. In fact, adding water increases the cooking time so the zest will be tender at the same time the marmalade is ready.
4. After 10 min add sugar. For every kg/lb orange pulp you want to add 1 kg/lb sugar. Bring to the boil again – no lid needed – then lower the heat and simmer very slowly stirring occasionally.
5. After 1 hour start working on the lemons. Making marmalade with chunks of rind involves caramelizing the rind before the jam gets too thick. You can’t really use pectin to make this jam as it will set too fast without cooking the rind.
Adding lemons will relatively increase the speed of setting because they contain pectin. In addition it brings out the flavor of the oranges and preserves the color of the marmalade.
Zest the lemons.  I grate the zest directly into the marmalade pan using a microplane. Remove the white part of the rind, then chop the flesh roughly and transfer it in the marmalade pan. Simmer for approximately another hour.
6. Cooking time of this marmalade will vary depending on size of oranges, level of heat and thickness of the pan.
To test if the marmalade is at setting point use the classic frozen dish method. When the mixture has thickened, place a small plate in the freezer for 5 minutes or until chilled. Drop 1/4 of a teaspoon marmalade on the frozen plate, the jam will cool instantly. Turn the plate sideways at 45°. If the jam is thick enough to set it will wrinkle up in little folds. If it is not yet thick enough then the jam will spread without having the top of the jam wrinkle. The thicker the wrinkles, the harder the jam will set.
If you are unsure, switch off the heat, cover and wait until the next day so it will cool off completely. If the marmalade looks good at room temperature  bring it back to the boil for at least 5 min. It will become liquid again. Pour into sterilize jars, top, and place upside down on a worktop until cool.
Let it rest for at least a month before using. It is gorgeous on toast but it’s so intense you can use it to flavor puddings, make a crostata or a sauce for pannacotta by mixing it with a little brandy and a sprinkle of dark chocolate curls.
Makes eight to ten 0.5 kg/ 1 lb jars.
italian style orange marmalade


  1. Your charming story and photographs, so effectively capturing the low-angled winter sun, take my mind whirling back forty years. I spent a winter in Rome on the Aventine Hill, adjacent to the Giardino degli Aranci, with its spell-binding view of the city. Curious youths that we were, no amount of explanation would convince us that such decorative fruits were merely decorative. A friend was more curious than I, and his spitting and sputtering convinced me that I needn’t try one myself. I don’t know if the local housewives gathered any of those aranci amari for marmalade, but if I lived there now, I certain would be tempted. As it is, I now live in a place abundant with both bitter and sweet oranges… and now we have the recipe to enjoy them! Many thanks!

    • Hi Mark, thank you for this wonderful memory! My mother was from Sicily and we often walked under “melangolo” trees in the summer nights of our holidays. The aroma of the flowers was intoxicating. I did know you were not supposed to eat them though, but I had local information ;)!

  2. Hi Letizia, how wonderful to receive your blog post this morning! I finally received my bag last night, 2 months to the day since I arrived home! So happy to now have your lovely olive oil! I loved your recipe. I’ve been saving my organic orange rinds now for a month. Can I just use rinds or must it b made w the whole oranges? My daughter just received word to study at Sciences PO in Paris next year so I hope to maybe visit Italy then! Best regards, Lynn
    Sent from my iPhone

    • Hy Lynn, wonderful to know that your bag has finally arrived. Well, they took their time but at least you have everything. To make the marmamalade you really need whole oranges but if your rinds are still fresh and can be cooked you can make which is fabulous even to eat on its own. Let me know how it goes!

  3. I know, this method is very old and not well known outisde of Italy. There must be a reason why it has survived for over 100 years though and I can testify that it works very well. Blood oranges will make a darker marmalade, you might need to add more lemon juice if color is important. Tastewise it will surely be good.

  4. I love orange marmalade – thanks for this one. And thank yo for your especially clear and detailed directions, complete with technical info. Isn’t it something how the old recipes are often the best? Complimenti!

  5. Honestly, Letizia, a really great orange is very difficult to come by anymore – in Alberta, where we don’t grow them, either.
    This recipe looks divine, but I could never go the store and KNOW I was getting a good orange. Not any more.
    The clementines I had while visiting you – just coming into season – were TO DIE FOR. You CAN get good citrus in Italy. Not here.

    • Hi Valerie, it’s the same problem all over. Even though we have good citrus here, I can never be sure how fresh they are. However I found a way to order oranges that were harvested a few days before using them. They are the best oranges I have had in years. Have you ever consideed group ordering of oranic ingredients directly from the producer? It’s very popular here in Europe.

  6. I’m so happy to have found your blog! I am in love! I can’t wait to pour through all of these recipes. 🙂

    • Marco in the last few years people has taken the pernicious habit of using too little sugar for jams. This is quite risky because botulinum might survive in food preparations with less than 35 % sugar. I would never publish a recipe that can be potentially dangerous to anybody and first of all to my family who are the happy consumers of most of my food. It’s better to eat less jam with more sugar than a lot of jam with not enough, botulism is quite dangerous!

  7. Very interesting way to make marmalade! I make marmalade the English way (with varying rates of success….) which is to cook the fruit for an hour or so without sugar to make the rind tender, then to add the sugar and bring to the boil for 10 mins until setting point is reached. In my method, adding sugar too soon gives you hard peel.
    I used to be able to buy a really tasty sweet orange marmalade, made in Spain, from my local supermarket, but it has not been in stock for nearly a year now, so I look forward to trying your recipe out when I have a bit of time.

    • Thank you Fliss, I’d love to know if you like this method. I think that soaking the oranges in water tenderizes the peel beacuse mine has just the right consistency. There must be a reason why this recipe is still used after been published 120 ago, it really is good! All the best, Letizia

      • I think the English method just does away with the need for soaking, as far as I can tell. I thought it might be fun to try this out though, so I have just put ten oranges in to soak.

        • Thanks for trying Jenny. Please note that this is a method suitable for sweet oranges and it’s the simplest and most foolproof I have tried so far, I hope you like it!

  8. Hello my friend! I have a 1/2 bushel of beautiful florida oranges coming in with my parents tomorrow. I am anxious to get started. I will let you know if I am successful! Ciao

  9. Hi Jeff! the method is really easy but you have to be patient and eat it a month or so later. The marmalade is much better if it “matures” a bit in the jar. Please report back about your results!

  10. Letizia, Do I understand correctly that I need to put the zest of the lemons into the pot with the oranges as it is cooking?? Do I not need to soak them(the lemons) as well as the oranges?? Can you please explain? I am still soaking the oranges, so I have some time. Ciao! Jeff

    • Yes Jeff, no soaking of the lemons. Grind the rind and add it to the oranges while they are cooking. Then chop the flesh after having removed most of the outer layer of white and the seeds. Add to the simmering marmalade. They completely disappear in the jam but the increased acidity brings out the flavor.

    • Jeff I have tried to soak the lemons to make lemon jam but they lose flavor why the oranges don’t. Remember you need the aromatic oil from the peel and the pulp but not the white. With only 3 lemons the easier method is to separate peel and pulp from white by hand.

  11. Good evening my friend! The orange marmalade has been done since last weekend, and I only have 3 jars left. It is the most beautiful color, and the taste is sublime! thank you so much for your patience with me, and all of my questions.
    A presto Amico mio!
    Ciao, Jeff

      • This batch made a total of 8 pints. I only have three left though. It seems that everyone likes orange marmalade, and just had to have some. But, that is why I made it, to give away. Isn’t that the fun of cooking? Seeing people enjoy your creations?? Thanks again Letizia!

  12. I am so glad Jeff! I have also just returned with some 30 lb organic oranges, so I have to start today with soaking the oranges. I will also make candy peel and liqueur. The whole house is going to smell fantastic!

    • You fill me with ideas letizia. The candy peel souds great, and I think children would love them around the winter. I have much of the liqueur, made from oranges, and some from the lemons. It is super, but very strong. A little goes a long way. Ciao amico mio.

      • Ciao Jeff, the candy peel is great in cakes. I chop it very finely and add it to the batter. It imparts a wonderful flavor to cakes, better than fresh peel. And indeed citrus liqueur goes a long way. Strong and sweet is a great digestive in the winter nights.

  13. Hi, Letizia 🙂
    I have just received bio oranges from Sicily. I’m so happy I could order them online 🙂
    So… I’m planning to make your marmalade.
    Do the oranges have to be very fresh and firm?
    I also have another question… Can you send me the email/web site adress of the store with olive oil and all the tartufo products (the one in Madonna del Piatto, close to Basilica)?
    Greetings from Warsaw/Poland

  14. Hi Anna, sorry I did not see your message before! Yes, you should use your oranges as soon as possible, hopefully you have already started to soak them. The shop where to order truffle is Terra Umbra antica and you can contact them thorugh their website here Happy New year! Letizia

    • Hi Letizia,
      I’m making your orange marmelade wright now 🙂
      It tastes and smells wonderful!
      Thank you for the contact and wish you all the best in the New Year 🙂

  15. Hello Letizia,
    I’ve been searching for a recipe for a sweet orange marmalade for years and have just stumbled upon yours. It intrigues me. My mother was a great marmalade maker but she liked the more bitter variety made from Seville oranges. She tried to make me some with sweet oranges but always declared it didn’t work properly. (I still preferred it to the bitter sort anyway!)
    I intend to give your recipe a try in the near future. Thank you for such clear instructions and good explanations. I’ll let you know how I get on.

    • Thank you Lorna, like you I had been searching left and right for a good recipe of a sweet orange marmalade. I hope you like this one as I have made many experiments before finding this ancient recipe and I am very happy with it because it is not only very good (provided that you have good quality oranges) it is also very easy!

  16. I make about 15 different Marmalades for my farmers market stall . This recipe intrigued me . Now that I have made it I am positive that it’s one of the best if not the best I have made . The 3 days soaking is no problem and when you change the water you can taste the sharpness being removed . The weight of my oranges was approx . 3kg and they made 20 & 1/2 8oz jars which makes the preparation and cooking time of 4 hrs well worthwhile . Thanks again for this wonderful recipe and I hope that it will according to the Latin ” Omnibus ” become available for all .

  17. I have just come across this recipe and decided to try it as I was too late for seville oranges. I live in the UK and use imperial measures; I had 5.8lb of pulp so according to the recipe I needed 5.8 quarts of water which is 11.6 pints. After adding 9 pints the jam pan was full and I realised something was amiss. I recalculated based on kilos : 5.8lb = 2.6kg and 2.6 half litres = 1.3litres = 2.3 imperial pints. Should the recipe have called for half a pint for every lb of pulp not a quart?

  18. Hi Debbie, I think the misunderstanding is due to the fact that I am Italian and I use metric. I use online converters, but I don’t use Imperial measures. If you look above, my recipe lists states to use water based on weight i.e. 1/2 of the weight of oranges after soaking. Only now I have realized that further in the instructions I have equaled lbs to kg which is why you have too much water. I am so sorry but it’s really difficult for us European to deal with Imperial measures! However, not all is lost. Your jam can be recovered even if you have too much water but you will have to cook it longer, probably one to 2 hours. I suggest to simmer it slowly to preserve flavor. You can do this also over different days if you don’t have time to cook it all at once. Good luck and thank you so much for the feedback!

    • Thank you very much ! I follow your receipt now over 4 years. The marmelade is loved now in my family and with my friends . The later will receive them as a handcrafted gift for their birthday and so on. BUT only today I have releised that I had always skipped adding water ! The marmalade was a bit more “croquante” but great. Nevermind today I’ll trie as taught :-). I am based in Vienna an receive the Sicilian blood orenges from a organic farmer who brings the m up to his store in Vienna.
      Question: do you know if is possible to use even less sugar ?!

      • Hi Larry, thank you so much, I am so glad you like the marmalade. I also use oranges directly from a farmer in Sicily, they are fantastic! Did you already made the marmalade with the added water? That will make it less sweet. As for the amount of sugar, I don’t like to lower it very much because too little can compromise that preserve’s shelf life and setting properties. You could however make a small batch with three parts fruit to one part sugar ratio (I have 2:1) as an experiment and see how it works out. Enjoy!

  19. Excelente article and recipe. The instructions are very precise and easy to follow. If using blood oranges do you suggested to increase the amount of sugar?
    How you caramelized the orange skins?
    Again thank for your time in writing this uniqy recipe

    • Hi Patrice, thank you so much for your interest in my recipe! I would not change the amount of sugar as I did not see a variation in the results when using different varieties of oranges. However you could cool some of the jam and taste it to determine if this is really needed. The peels cook with the rest and in the end they transform into candied peels and taste fantastic!

    • We just finished the orange marmalade following your instructions. The taste and texture are just outstanding!! Certainly one of the best sweet Orange Marmelade that we have ever cooked. We used Cara Cara oranges for one batch and Moro Blood oranges for the other. THANKS.
      The final product just turned out a little darker than expected. Is there a method to lighten the color?

      • Thank you Patrice! I think the color is a result of the blood oranges so I doubt it’s possible to change it. However I have the same with some of the marmalade I make but it does not affect the taste at all!

        • Thanks very much for your help and support. Your absolutely right; the color doesn’t affect the taste, consistency or texture of the final product, which in both batches was outstanding. Just the LOOKS. Since I have your attention please allow me a final question: do you think your recipe will work with Tangelo?

          • Hi Patrice, I have never tasted Tangelo, I had to look it up! In principle the recipe should work, but I’d make a small bacth and taste it to access if the amount of sugar is correct. I’d love to know the results of your experiment to include in the recipe, thanks!

          • Thanks for your response. We will try a couple of small batches since we have plenty of fruit available. We will certainly include the modified version of your recipe for your attention. It might be fun. Even thinking on adding some Passion fruit to one of the batches. Before we send you our findings we will have some local Chefs taste the final product.
            Best personal regards, Patrice

  20. Hi Madonna, Greetings from Australia. My friend and I are trying your lovely recipe as I write with fresh navel oranges from her trees. We both have the same problem of the marmalade not thickening and we’ve been cooking for 3 hours or so. We wonder whether we are meant to cook uncovered to evaporate some of the liquid? Anyway, right now it tastes so delicious and smells so delicious that we would just eat it as is but perhaps you can give us some advise? Thanks … my friend is doing your candied citron .. can’t wait to try it too.

  21. Hi Letizia, Just left a comment and question earlier and so sorry, I wasn’t thinking straight and called you ‘Madonna’, must have just glanced up and seen your logo and automatically wrote the wrong name! Silly me 🙂

    • Hello Amanda! no problem at all with the name, this is happening for so many years I don’t even notice it! As for the marmalade, 3 hours sounds long as mine is generally ready in 2 hours, however this might indeed be due to the cover, I generally cook it uncovered to allow evaporation. My advice is to turn the heat off right now and let it rest until tomorrow and then try again. At that point you will be able to judge if it’s really too liquid or already partially set and that will give you an idea of the additional time needed to finish. I hope you enjoy the wonderful aromas!

      • Hello Letizia … must be so common that you get called Madonna .. thanks for understanding! 🙂 Well, I think my batch is way overcooked as being my first time ever making any sort of jam or marmalade, I cooked it with the lid on! My friends batch however, seems to be perfect as she knows what she is doing and did lid off! We have trees laden with beautiful organic oranges at the moment so I am going to try it all over again, I’m determined to get it right as I just adore marmalade and the chunkier the better for me. Thanks so much for getting back to me with your advise …. fingers crossed that the next one is a success! I’ll keep you posted. Love all your recipes and thank you for sharing them.

        • Hello Amanda, thank you for reporting about the results of the first batch, it’s excellent feedback for me and I will add to cook the marmalade with the lid off to make sure this does not happen again! I hope your next batch worked out and it’s as delicious as you like it to be!

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